Ancient Sources

Here is a list of selected ancient sources in chronological order that are useful in the study of the culture of Asia Minor and the Christian movement in Ephesus. Most of these texts are accessible on the Internet.

Greek/Roman Sources

Homer (ca. 8th Century BC). Iliad.

Heraclitus of Ephesus (ca. 535-475 BC). On Nature (fragments).

Pausanias (ca. 5th Century BC). Descriptions of Greece.

Aristotle (ca. 325 BC). Athenian Constitution.

Aratus (ca. 310-240 BC). Phaenomena.

Callimachus (ca. 305-240 BC). Hymn III to Artemis.

Diogenes Laërtius (ca. 3rd Century AD). Lives of Eminent Philosophers.

Papyri Graecae Magicae (ca. 100 BC – 400 AD)

Strabo (63 BC – 24 AD). Geography.

Plutarch (ca. 46-120 AD). Life of Pericles.

Plutarch (ca. 46-120 AD). Life of Antony.

Pliny the Younger (ca. 61-113 AD). Letter to Emperor Trajan.

Appian of Alexandria (95-165 AD). Mithridatic Wars.

Lucian (ca. 125-180 AD). Dialogues of the Courtesans.

Alciphron (ca. 2nd Century AD). Letters of Courtesans.

Xenophon of Ephesus (ca. 2nd Century AD). Ephesian Tales of Anthia and Habrokomas.

Jewish Sources

Flavius Josephus (37-100 AD). The War of the Jews.

Flavius Josephus (37-100 AD). Antiquities.

Christian Sources

Clement of Rome (ca. 35-99 AD). First Epistles to the Corinthians

Ignatius of Antioch (ca. 50-140 AD). Letter to the Smyrnaeans.

Ignatius of Antioch (ca. 50-140 AD). Letter to the Trallians.

Ignatius of Antioch (ca. 50-140 AD). Letter to the Philadelphians.

Ignatius of Antioch (ca. 50-140 AD). Letter to the Ephesians.

Papius of Hierapolis (ca. 60-163 AD). Exposition of the Sayings of the Lord.

Justin Martyr (ca. 103-165 AD). Dialogue with Trypho.

Justin Martyr (ca. 103-165 AD). First Apology.

Hippolytus (ca. 170-235 AD) . Refutation of all Heresies.

Martyrdom of Polycarp (ca. 155 AD)

Ireneaus (ca. 130-202 AD). Against Heresies.

Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD). Stromota

Tertullian (ca. 155-240 AD). Apology.

Tertullian (ca. 155-240 AD). Prescription of Heretics.

Origen (ca. 184-253 AD). Letter to Gregory.

Origen (ca. 184-253 AD). Against Celsus.

Cyprian (200-258 AD). On the Unity of the Church.

Eusebius (ca. 260-340 AD). Church History.

Epiphanius (ca. 310-403 AD). Panarion.

Gregory of Nazianzus (ca. 329-390 AD). Five Theological Orations

Jerome (ca. 347-420 AD). Commentary on Matthew.

John Chrysostom (ca. 349-407 AD). Homilies on Ephesians.

Augustine (354-430 AD). Epistle 93.

Augustine (354-430 AD). The Literally Meaning of Genesis.

Theodoret (ca. 393-458 AD). Letter to John the Economus.

Vincent of Lerins (d. 445 AD). Commonitorium.

Ambrosiaster (ca. 4th Century AD). Epistle to the Ephesians.

Marius Victorinus (ca. 4th Century AD). Commentary on the Letter to the Ephesians.

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